Revolution is no stranger in history, and defiantly no stranger to Russia. The Revolution of 1905 can be linked to many things within the changing Russian state. The Russian economy was not in the best of states to begin with; with a vast amount of land, a growing population, and a continuous struggle to make a shift to a more industrial focused system, the economy needed help. The Revolution made these problems worse, and by the end of it all, Russia sought to repair its broken state. As a response, the October Manifesto was drawn up to address the after math of the Revolution.
The following points are what the Manifesto promises to fulfill:
- Fundamental civil freedoms will be granted to the population, including real personal inviolability, freedom of conscience, speech, assembly and association.
- Participation in the Duma will be granted to those classes of the population which are at present deprived of voting powers, insofar as is possible in the short period before the convocation of the Duma, and this will lead to the development of a universal franchise. There will be no delay to the Duma elect already been organized.
- It is established as an unshakeable rule that no law can come into force without its approval by the State Duma and representatives of the people will be given the opportunity to take real part in the supervision of the legality of government bodies.
Basic civil liberties are promised, which addresses the unhappy population that did not like the state of the government before the Revolution. The interesting part of this document is not so much of what it promises, but what it does not promise. While granting the Russian people a voice in legislation through participation in the Duma and setting up laws to help make the people more involved in the government, the document does not address the core aspect of the Russian government. It does not promise a government based on democracy but gives an illusion of it with its promises of civil liberties. This could be why the manifesto was not successful long term and could also be the reason Russia continued to struggle with a government system.